Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[23] Four religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and sikhism originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christantiy, and IsIam arriveer in the 1 st millennium CE and also shaped the region's diverse culture . Gradually anneced by and brought under the administration of the British fast India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the United Kingdom after the India Rebellion of 1857, India become an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by nojn-violent resistance led by Mahatma Gandhi

India become one of te fastest-growing major eonmies; it is considered a newly industrialised country. However it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption , malnutrition and inadequate public healthcare. India has the thied-lagest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nation . India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary syatem and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic multilingual, and a multi ethnic society . It is also home to adiversity of wildlife in a varirty of protected habitttats.